Dyslexia is a disorder that causes issues with reading, spelling, and decoding of words. This disorder is a common reason that students require special education assistance. Impacting both males and females across the socioeconomic, ethnic, and cultural spectrum, dyslexia is still largely misunderstood. Students with custom writing services may find it incredibly difficult to excel at school and can suffer from social and emotional impacts. Follow these tips to develop lesson plans that are aimed at helping students with dyslexia to develop a love of reading that will encourage their academic success throughout life.
Model Good Reading Behaviors
Children learn from the behaviors of the adults in their lives. This is particularly true of their parents and educators. Both the parents and teachers of children with dyslexia should put emphasis on modeling good reading behaviors. Reading regularly, both personally and aloud, demonstrates an appreciation for reading that children are likely to mimic. Listening to an adult read aloud with proper grammar, pronunciation, and pacing allows children to emulate these patterns as they read, helping them to recognize issues as they arise.
Read Together
Children learn well by watching. As an adult reads, the child should follow along. Encourage the child to follow the words with his or her finger. This helps the child to recognize the sounds that are associated with the written letters. By recognizing these sounds repetitively, the child can learn to interpret when his or her mind is flipping letters, which is a common occurrence in dyslexia. Reading together also gives children the opportunity to ask about words that they do not recognize or understand. They should be encouraged to highlight, underline, or write down these words so that they can be discussed.
Utilize Choral Reading
Choral reading is a fantastic tool for encouraging fluency and confidence in reading. Choral reading involves the whole class reading a passage together aloud. They should be instructed to keep a specific rhythm as they read so that everyone can read along together. This gives uncertain readers greater confidence while also helping them to develop a fluid pattern of reading. For many children, just developing greater confidence and security in their ability to read helps their symptoms and encourages them to read more.
Repeat the Familiar
Infants and toddlers learn language through repetition. Even if parents do not purposely repeat certain words to them in an effort to teach them to speak, children pick up the words that they hear regularly. This concept of repetition can be used to help dyslexic students, as well. These children often avoid reading simply because they don't want the frustration. Reading the same story over and over again allows a child to learn the words so that they are readily recognizable, granting the child more confidence. As this confidence grows, the child becomes more willing to read other materials and utilize the fluency that he or she developed through repeated stories in order to interpret future stories.
Fill in the Blanks
Children with dyslexia have difficulty with both reading the written word and writing it. A fill-in-the-blanks activity develops skills in both areas. Children should be given a page with a story printed out in easy passages. Several words should be removed and replaced with blanks. As the passage is read aloud, the children should follow along. When the blank appears, the students write the word that is spoken. The passages are then compared with completed ones to check for comprehension and spelling. This also encourages appropriate tracking behavior. This refers to the child's eyes moving left to write and from the top of the page to the bottom of the page. These skills reduce much of the difficulty that these children have with reading.
Lesson plans that consider students with dyslexia are about encouraging children to develop coping skills when it comes to interpreting the written language. Special education educators benefit from focusing on empowering students so that they can feel confident in their academic abilities. This helps the students to overcome the social and emotional pressures that can result from learning difficulties. These tips can benefit all students as they navigate learning to read and write in academic and personal settings.
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